References and Additional Resources

If you have Learning Environments by Design and want a quick way to look into the book’s references and additional resources, this page reprints and links the list of resources from the book’s appendix. Some links may need a sign-in, and some lead to a paywall. If you need resources and don’t have a way to download them, contact me and I may be able to help. A more robust, updated list can be found under Expanded Resources and Links.


Bersin, J., and D. Mallon. 2009. The Enterprise Learning Framework: A Modern Approach to Corporate Training. Oakland, CA: Bersin by Deloitte. (research report )

Brown, J.S., and R.P. Adler. 2008. “Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0.” EDUCAUSE Review 43(1):16-32.

Burke, L., and H. Hutchins. 2007. “Training Transfer: An Integrative Literature Review.” Human Resource Development Review 6(3): 263. (abstract)

Campbell, G. 2014. “Why I Teach.” Gardner Writes (blog), September 24.

Corporate Executive Board (CEB). 2014. Building a Productive Culture: More Learning Through Less Learning. CEB Learning and Development Leadership Council. (white paper)

Fink, L.D. 2013. Creating Significant Learning Experiences, 2nd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (Dee Fink and Associates web site)

Funnell, A. 2014. “Massive Open Online Courses: Does the Rhetoric Match the Reality?” Future Tense (blog), July 16.

Gottfredson, C., and B. Mosher. 2011. Innovative Performance Support: Strategies and Practices for Learning in the Workflow. New York: McGraw Hill. (publisher’s web page)

Hagel, J. III, J. S. Brown, and L. Davison. 2010. The Power of Pull. New York: Basic Books. (resources on Deloitte web site)

Hart, J. 2010. “5 Stages of Workplace Learning.” Learning in the Social Workplace (blog), May 7.

Hodges, T.K. 2001. Linking Learning and Performance: A Practical Guide to Measuring Learning and On-the-Job Application. Boston, MA: Butterworth Heinemann. (publisher’s web page)

Kapp, K.M. 2012. The Gamification of Learning and Instruction. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press; San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons. (Karl Kapp’s web site)

Lombardozzi, C. 2013. With a Little Help From Our Friends: How to Leverage Relationships for Employee and Management Development. Whitepaper. Learning 4 Learning Professionals.(PDF)

Malamed, C. 2015. Visual Design Solutions: Principles and Creative Inspiration for Learning Professionals. Alexandria, VA: ATD Press; San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons. (Connie Malamed’s web site)

Peters, D. 2014. Interface Design for Learning: Design Strategies for Learning Experiences. San Francisco: New Riders. (Dorian Peters’ web site)

Rheingold, H. 2012. “Crap Detection 101: How to Find What You Need to Know, and How to Decide If It’s True.” Chap. 2 in Net Smart: How to Thrive Online, by H. Rheingold. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (Harold Rheingold’s web site)

Rock, A.D., and T.N. Garavan. 2006. “Reconceptualizing Developmental Relationships,” Human Resource Management Review 5(3): 330. (abstract)

Rock, A.D., and T.N. Garavan. 2011. “Understanding the Relational Characteristics of Effective Mentoring and Developmental Relationships at Work.” Chap. 7 in Supporting Workplace Learning, edited by Rob F. Poell and Marianne van Woerkom (New York: Springer). (publisher’s web pages)

Rosenberg, M.J., and S. Foreman. 2014. Learning and Performance Ecosystems: Strategy, Technology, Impact and Challenges. Whitepaper. Santa Rosa, CA: The eLearning Guild. (white paper)

Thomas, D., and J.S. Brown. 2011. A New Culture of Learning: Cultivating the Imagination for a World of Constant Change. Self-published. (book web site)

Wlodkowski, R.J. 2008. Enhancing Adult Motivation to Learn, 3rd ed. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons. (Raymond Wlodkowski’s web site)

Additional Resources


Emerging Roles in L&D

Jane Hart, “Emerging New Roles for Learning and Performance Professionals,” Learning in the Social Workplace (blog), November 19, 2012.

CHAPTER 1 – Landscape

Personal Learning Environments

7 Things You Should Know About Personal Learning Environments,” Educause, May 12, 2009.

Harold Jarche, “PKM—Personal Knowledge Mastery,”

Communities of Practice

Étienne Wenger-Trayner, “Quick CoP Start-Up Guide.”

Étienne Wenger-Trayner and Beverly Wenger-Trayner, “Introduction to Communities of Practice,” April 15, 2015.

Nancy White and Darren Sidnick, “Communities of Practice Series With Darren Sidnick,” Full Circle Associates, September 7, 2008. (This post contains links to all 10 parts of this blog series.)

The factors of a performance environment were synthesized from:

Darlene Van Tiem, James Moseley, and Joan Conway Dessinger, Fundamentals of Performance Technology: A Guide to Improving People, Process, and Performance (Silver Spring, MD: International Society for Performance Improvement, 2004). (publisher’s web site)

Geary A. Rummler and Alan P. Brache, Improving Performance: How to Manage the White Space on the Organizational Chart (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995). (Rummler-Brache Group web site)

Thomas G. Cummings and Christopher G. Worley, Organization Development and Change, 8th ed. (Mason, OH: Thomson South-Western, 2005). (publisher’s web site)

CHAPTER 2 – Processes

Needs Assessment

Deborah Tobey, Needs Assessment Basics (Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press, 2005). (publisher’s web site)

Ryan Watkins, Maurya West Meiers, and Yusra Laila Visser, A Guide to Assessing Needs: Essential Tools for Collecting Information, Making Decisions, and Achieving Development Results (Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2012). (electronic copy of book available free here)

Performance Consulting

Darlene Van Tiem, James Moseley, and Joan Conway Dessinger, Fundamentals of Performance Improvement: A Guide to Improving People, Process, and Performance, 3rd ed. (Silver Spring, MD: International Society for Performance Improvement, 2012). (publisher’s web site)

Geary A. Rummler and Alan P. Brache, Improving Performance: How to Manage the White Space on the Organizational Chart (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995). (Rummler-Brache Group web site)

Judith Hale, Performance Consultant’s Fieldbook: Tools and Techniques for Improving Organizations and People (San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 1998). (Judy Hale’s web site)

The Curation Role in L&D

Curata, 5 Simple Steps to Becoming a Content Curation Rockstar.

David Kelly, “Curation: Beyond the Buzzword—Resources Shared at #ASTDTK13,” David Kelly (blog), January 27, 2013.

Steven Rosenbaum, Curation Nation: Why the Future of Content Is Context (New York: McGraw Hill, 2011). (book web site)

CHAPTER 3 – Motivation and Self-Direction

Primary Underlying Theories for the Pillars of Self-Directed Learning

Gary J. Confessore and Sharon J. Confessore, eds., Guideposts to Self-Directed Learning: Expert Commentary on Essential Concepts (King of Prussia, PA: Organization Design and Development, Inc., 1992). (out of print)

Malcolm Knowles, The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species (Houston: Gulf Publishing Company, 1973). (latest edition on the publisher’s website)

Richard Boyatzis, “An Overview of Intentional Change from a Complexity Perspective,” Journal of Management Development 25(7): 607-23. (abstract)

Victoria J. Marsick, Karen E. Watkins, and Barbara Lovin, “Revisiting Informal and Incidental Learning as a Vehicle for Professional Learning and Development,” chap. 4 in Elaborating Professionalism: Studies in Practice and Theory, edited by Clive Kanes (New York: Springer, 2010). (publisher’s web pages)

Classic Work Motivation Theories

David McClelland’s Need for Achievement Theory (Wikipedia)

Edgar Schein’s Career Anchor Theory (abstract of 1996 update)

Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory. (seminal work available – publishers’ web site)

New Roles as Learning Coaches and One-on-One Advisers

Jane Hart, “Emerging New Roles for Learning and Performance Professionals,” Learning in the Social Workplace (blog), November 19, 2012.

Randy Emelo, “Facilitating Social Learning,”, October 2014.

CHAPTER 4 – Supporting Communities

Developing Communities

Étienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder, Cultivating Communities of Practice: A Guide to Managing Knowledge (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2002). (overview)

Richard Millington, Buzzing Communities: How to Build Bigger, Better, and More Active Online Communities (Fever Bee, 2012). (FeverBee web site)

The Community Roundtable

CHAPTER 5 – Academic Contexts

Connected Learning

Connected Courses MOOC (2014)

CHAPTER 6 – Future of Learning

Further Trends in Learning Environment Design

Corporate Executive Board (CEB). Breakthrough Performance in the New Work Environment: Identifying and Enabling the New High Performer (Executive Guidance for 2013).

Elaine Beich, “Our Profession: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going,” ASTD Webcast, March 14, 2014.

Josh Bersin, Predictions for 2014 (Bersin by Deloite, December 2013). (whitepaper)

Johnson, S. Adams Becker, V. Estrada, and A. Freeman. 2014. NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Higher Education Edition. Austin: The New Media Consortium.


Badges,” Mozilla Open Badges Project.